USA TODAY: Proposed mosques spark opposition in some U.S. communities
By Brett T. Roseman, for USA TODAY
CHICAGO – Mohammed Labadi has a lot at stake when the DeKalb City Council votes Tuesday on a request from the Islamic Society of Northern Illinois University to build a two-story mosque.
Mohammed Labadi, a board member for the Islamic Society of Northern Illinois University, stands outside the house that serves as a mosque in DeKalb. The group plans to build a new mosque on neighboring land.
Labadi, a businessman and Islamic Society board member, wants a bigger mosque to replace the small house where local Muslims now worship. He also hopes for affirmation that his neighbors and city officials have no fear of the Muslim community.
"Don't look at me just as a Muslim, look at me as an American," Labadi says. It's time, he says, "to take the unfortunate stereotypes about Muslims out of the picture." The zoning commission unanimously approved the plan.
Since the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, which were carried out by hijackers from Arab countries, animosity toward Muslims sometimes has taken the form of opposition to construction of mosques and other Islamic facilities. National debate erupted over plans for a community center that became known as the "Ground Zero mosque" in Lower Manhattan.
In the last five years, there has been "anti-mosque activity" in more than half the states, according to the American Civil Liberties Union. Some mosques were vandalized — a $5,000 reward is being offered in a 2011 Wichita mosque arson case — and others were targets of efforts to deny zoning permits.
Mosque opponents often raise concerns about traffic and parking, but Daniel Mach, director of the ACLU's freedom of religion program, says they can be "sham arguments" that mask anti-Muslim sentiment. "I hope that eventually there will be greater acceptance for all faiths, including Islam," Mach says.
There were 2,106 mosques in the U.S. in 2010, up from 1,209 in 2000, according to a study by the Hartford Institute for Religion Research and other groups. A 2011 survey by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life estimated there are 2.75 million Muslims in the nation.
Kevin Vodak, litigation director of the Chicago chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, says a 2000 federal law meant to prevent zoning laws from discriminating against religious institutions is a potent tool. He cited the law — the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act — in a pending federal lawsuit against DuPage County, Ill., for "unlawful conduct and discriminatory practices" when it denied a permit for the Irshad Learning Center in 2010.
The Islamic Society of Northern Illinois University hopes a planned two-story mosque, bottom, will replace the mosque now in the house.
A pending complaint against the city of Lomita, Calif., for denying an application from the Islamic Center of South Bay to rebuild its mosque also cites the Religious Land Use law. Some DuPage County residents who objected to the permit "raised allegations of terrorism," Vodak says. "The post-9/11 atmosphere has created a lot of fear and hysteria about Muslim institutions."
Some people who object to mosque projects say religion is not a factor. The DuPage County home where Jacqueline Sitkiewicz has lived since 1978 is adjacent to a house the Islamic Center of Western Suburbs (ICWS) hoped to use as a mosque. The county board voted against the plan this month.
Sitkiewicz says her concerns were traffic, drainage and the effect on property values. "I don't care what their religion is," she says. "This is a residential area, that's all of it." ICWS lawyer Mark Daniel says the group is considering legal action. "There was no valid reason for denial," he says.
Lawyer Marc Grenier represents condo associations that object to plans for a Norwalk, Conn. mosque. The size of the project, parking and the impact on neighboring properties are their chief concerns, he says. "Our opposition … has nothing to do with anyone's right to worship."
A zoning committee voted last week to recommend that the full zoning commission deny the mosque proposal. That vote is set for June 6.
The Brookfield (Wis.) Common Council this month approved the Islamic Society of Milwaukee's plans for a mosque. During an earlier Plan Commission meeting , Mayor Steve Ponto told the crowd comments on religion would not be considered.
Still, says Othman Atta, the Islamic Society's executive director, some opponents said the mosque would teach violence and impose Islamic law. "The level of knowledge about Muslims is pretty abysmal," he says. "People, if they don't understand something, they tend to fear it."
Ebrahim Moosa, a Duke University professor of religion and Islamic studies, worries that discrimination against Muslims is growing. "Opposition to mosques," he says, "is not a misunderstanding, because reasonable people can talk and mutually educate."